Chronology . more articles on Brian’s life brian 1.jpg (7731 bytes)William Havergal Brian was born on 29 January 1876 into a working-class Potteries family in Dresden, Staffordshire. He gained his first musical experience in church choirs and after leaving school at the age of 12 he was in some demand as a church organist. He learned the violin and cello, and played in local bands and orchestras. A local teacher gave him a thorough theoretical grounding, but he was virtually self-taught in composition. Nevertheless he rapidly acquired an invincible desire to be a composer and in the first decade of the twentieth century began to make a name for himself.

Some of his music was admired by Elgar, works of his were performed by conductors such as Henry Wood and Thomas Beecham, and for a number of years he and his family were supported by a wealthy Staffordshire businessman so that Brian would be free to compose.

All this came to an abrupt end, however, just before the outbreak of World War 1, when various personal crises forced him to leave his home and family. In London he failed to consolidate such musical reputation as he had gained, and for many years he supported a growing second family with a series of menial jobs, often in some poverty.

By the late 1920s Brian gained an assistant editorship on the journal Musical Opinion, through which he gained a clearer understanding of and greater sympathy with the latest continental developments than almost any other British composer. The musical establishment however - with the exception of his close friend Sir Granville Bantock - passed him by and his own growing body of mature work remained almost entirely unknown and unperformed.

This – although Richard Strauss (to whom the Gothic Symphony is dedicated) took him seriously, and despite Sir Donald Tovey being moved to write in 1934 that ‘even for the recognition of his smaller works he is being made to wait… far longer than is good for any country whose musical reputation is worth praying for’.

With the death of Bantock in 1946, Brian lost his last advocate for performances of his music until the early 1950s, when his work came to the attention to a young BBC music producer named Robert Simpson, himself destined to become one of Britain’s foremost symphonists.
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Starting with Brian’s eighth symphony in 1954 (the first time that Brian, already 78, heard any of his symphonies), Simpson gradually brought about over the next quarter of a century a growing number of performances, mostly in radio broadcasts, which began to initiate a recognition of Brian’s achievement.

The composer moved from London to Shoreham-by-Sea, Sussex, in 1958, where he embarked upon a final, immensely rich, ten-year Indian Summer of composition which included no fewer than 20 symphonies. He finally ceased original creative work in October 1968 with the completion of his 32nd Symphony, but for the remaining four years of his life he retained full mental vigour and it always seemed possible that he might return to composition.

His death came on 28 November 1972 as the result of a fall, two months short of his 97th birthday. Though he knew that the BBC was committed to broadcasting in due course all of his symphonies, not a note of his music was commercially issued on record during his lifetime, and he died without having heard many of his finest works.

see also

Brian’s working class origins - Brown, Goodsell, Stevenson
The influence of Brian’s social enviroment on his musical style - Godfrey Berry
Solitude and creation - Kevin Mandry
Kevin’s article tackles the difficult issue of the composer’s own sense of his isolation
Brian’s dark journey - Kevin Mandry
Important article addressing why and how Brian came to be the composer he was
A case of hyper-intelligence? - Godfrey Berry
Finds an explanation of many of Brian’s personality characteristics
Brian and the psychologists - Malcolm MacDonald
Freudian and Jungian insights
The psychology of Brian - Robert Timlin
More Jungian insight
Havergal Brian as I knew him (1) - Harold Truscott
Havergal Brian as I knew him (2) - Harold Truscott
Havergal Brian as I knew him (3) - Harold Truscott Havergal Brian and Elgar - Philip Scowcroft
Brian as Faust - Malcolm MacDonald
Excellent wide-ranging article addressing the psychology of Brian particularly at the time of The Gothic
The significance of Brian the journalist - Malcolm MacDonald
an introduction to HB’s journalism and to MM’s collection HB on music
A pilgrimage to Odd Rode - Reginald Nettel
(Brian played the organ at All Saints’, Odd Rode from 1896 to 1906)
Ordeal by music and after - Reginald Nettel
Nettel’s pioneering biography appeared in 1945
The making of a composer - Malcolm MacDonald
this lengthy book review contains much about Brian’s life
A late harvest - Ronald Stevenson
A review of three books on Brian full of detail about Brian’s life
the many places in which Havergal Brian lived


_A voice from the past - Bertram B Walker
"Dear Crusoe… always your Freitag": the Brian letters at McMaster University - Malcolm MacDonald
Friendship with Havergal Brian - Walter Allum
Aspects of Brian - Reginald Nettel et al
Havergal Brian talking to Robert Simpson and Jeffrey Anderson _ … these articles appear in HB: Aspects of Havergal Brian - see bibliography