The Tigers

burlesque opera, prologue, 3 acts, 1917-29†, 3947 bars, 180:00

Composed 1917-19, orchestrated 1921-22 (six orchestral movements - see also Derived works below) and 1928-29.
New orchestration of prologue 1969 - unfinished.
Originally known as The Grotesques.
Vocal score published 1932.
Full score lost; rediscovered 1977, following publicity and offer of reward by the Havergal Brian Society.

Prologue and Act I
Columbine (soprano)
Toy seller (soprano)
Lady 1 (soprano)
Lady 2 (soprano)
Costerwoman (mezzo)
Sweetmeat seller (alto)
Dude 1 (alto)
Dude 2 (alto)
Old clothes seller (tenor)
Pantalon (tenor)
Clergyman 1 (tenor)
Clergyman 2 (tenor)
Man on elephant (tenor)
Artist (tenor)
Billposterer (baritone)
Coster 1 (baritone)
Coster 3 (baritone)
Policeman 1 (baritone)
Policeman 2 (baritone)
Policeman 3 (baritone)
Policeman 4 (baritone)
Policeman 5 (baritone)
Clergyman 3 (baritone)
Clergyman 4 (baritone)
Elephant keeper (baritone)
Crier (baritone)
Gentleman 1 (baritone)
Gentleman 2 (baritone)
Fruitseller (bass)
Coster 2 (Henry) (bass)
Clergyman 5 (bass)
Clergyman 6 (bass)
Colonel Sir John Stout (bass)
Regimental sergeant major (bass)
_Acts II and III _
Lady Stout (soprano)
Mrs Pamela Freebody (soprano)
Mrs Curzon (mezzo)
Bishop (tenor)
Police sergeant (tenor)
Cook 1 (tenor)
Cook 2 (tenor)
Man in plusfours (tenor)
Red Indian (baritone)
Napoleon (baritone)
Alexander the Great (bass)
Colonel Sir John Stout (bass)
Police sergeant (bass)
Regimental sergeant major (bass)
The Tigers (TTBB chorus)
Crowds etc (SATB choruses)
3 flutes (2 also piccolos), 3 oboes (1 also cor anglais), 3 clarinets (1 also Eb clar, 1 also bass clar), 3 bassoons (1 also contra), 6 horns, 4 trumpets, bugle in C, 4 trombones, 5 tubas, euphonium, timpani (3 players), cymbal, bass drum, side drum, long drum, triangle, tambourine, tamtam, thunder machine, whip, sleigh bells, town crier's bell, police bell, ship's siren, telephone bell, police whistle, motor horn, fire bells, tubular bells in Bb, C, D, Eb, xylophone, glockenspiel, celesta, harmonica, 2 vibraphones, tubaphone, 2 harps, organ, strings
offstage (Act III, sc2): 2 or more piccolos, 4 or more flutes, 3 or more side drums, bass drum

Prologue
  Scene 1: Hampstead Heath [502 bars]
  Scene 2: as before at night (leading to Pantalon and Columbine) [425 bars]
Act I
  Scene 1: ‘Drop curtain suggesting row of houses in a street’
  Scene 2: ‘Approach to a large railway station’
Act II
  Scene 1: Midnight [367 bars]
  Scene 2: Military parade ground [155 bars]
  Scene 3: Woodland scenery; time – noon–sunshine [487 bars]
  Scene 4: Promenade and dance [209 bars]
  Scene 5: Military parade ground [125 bars]
Act III
  Ballet (on a cathedral tower): 1 Gargoyles [152 bars]
  2 Lacryma (Tears of sorrow) [249 bars]
  Scene 1: Night; interior of a police station [197 bars]
  Scene 2: Approach to a stone river bridge [483 bars]
  Scene 3: Mont Duresco in background [134 bars]
  Finale: Scene as before; time – midnight. ‘The design of this finale is an approach from dead silence to mad tumult’ [214 bars]

Text: Havergal Brian

United Music Publishing Limited

Timings

Friend 1983
Prologue36:00
Scene 1: Hampstead Heath19:02
Scene 2: as before at night (leading to Pantalon and Columbine)16:58
Act I
Scene 1: ‘Drop curtain suggesting row of houses in a street’
Scene 2: ‘Approach to a large railway station’
Act II54:09
Scene 1: Midnight14:59
Scene 2: Military parade ground8:11
Scene 3: Woodland scenery; time – noon–sunshine13:51
Scene 4: Promenade and dance11:09
Scene 5: Military parade ground5:59
Act III58:00
Ballet (on a cathedral tower): 1 Gargoyles9:38
2 Lacryma (Tears of sorrow)10:10
Scene 1: Night; interior of a police station5:40
Scene 2: Approach to a stone river bridge19:35
Scene 3: Mont Duresco in background4:42
Finale: Scene as before; time – midnight. ‘The design of this finale is an approach from dead silence to mad tumult’8:15
Total161:06

Derived works

Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
Wild horsemen [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 2] [symphonic dance ] [orch] – 9´
Green pastures [from The Tigers Act II, Scene 4] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
Lacryma [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 2] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
Shadow dance [from The Tigers Prelude to Act III, Scene 3] [orch] – 5´
Fanfare from The Grotesques [from The Tigers] [brass and perc] full score lostLOST
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [piano] arr Ronald Stevenson

Articles

Opera with attitude – Kevin Mandry
Investigating The Tigers (2) Costers : Prologue, scene 1 (1) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (3) Coppers : Prologue, scene 1 (2) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (4) Gentry : Prologue, scene 1 (3) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (5) Masks : Prologue, scene 2 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (6) The seeds of chaos : Act 1, scene 1 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (7) The dogs of war : Act 1, scene 2 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (8) Uneasy slumbers : Act 2, scene 1 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (9) On parade : Act 2, scene 2 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (10) Garden party : Act 2, scene 3 (1) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (11) Haymaking : Act 2, scenes 3 (2) and 4 (1) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (12) Called to account : Act 2, scenes 4 (2) and 5 – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (13) Gothic echoes : Act 3, Gargoyles and Lacryma – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (14) Chinese whispers : Act 3, scenes 1 and 2 (1) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (15) Trysting : Act 3, scene 2 (2) – Adrian Ure
Investigating The Tigers (16) Chimes at midnight : Act 3, scene 3 and Finale – Adrian Ure
Let the roar of the Tigers be heard in the land – Malcolm MacDonald
Breaking the mirror… – Larry Alexander
New maps for The Tigers – Penny Scantlebury
The rediscovery of The Tigers – David J Brown
Reward for rediscovery of Brian’s lost scores – press coverage
Fanfare from The grotesques - Malcolm MacDonald

Performances

3-8 January 1983
3 May 1983 BBC Radio 3
Teresa Cahill (soprano) Mrs Freebody/Lady 1 Alison Hargan (soprano) Columbine/Female in car/Lady Stout Marilyn Hill-Smith (soprano) Lady 2/Toy seller Ameral Gunson (mezzo soprano) Lady 3 Ann Marie Owens (alto) Costerwoman/Sweetmeat seller Paul Crook (tenor) Artist/Bishop/Clergyman 2/Cook 2 Harry Nicoll (tenor) Constable 1/Pantalon John Winfield (tenor) Coster/Clergyman 1/Cook 1/Old clothes seller Kenneth Wollam (tenor) Man on elephant/Man in tweeds Ian Caddy (baritone) Coster 1/Gentleman 1/Policeman 1 Malcolm Donnelly (baritone) Colonel Sir John Stout Henry Herford (baritone) Gentleman 2 Alan Opie (baritone) Clergyman 5/Napoleon/Young man Alan Watt (baritone) Coster 3/Clergyman 3/Fruitseller/Policeman 2 Norman Welsby (baritone) Billposterer/Clergyman 4/Elephant keeper/Man’s voice/Police sergeant Richard Angas (bass-baritone) Alexander the Great/Crier/Constable 2/Guard/Policeman 3 Eric Shilling (bass-baritone) Officer/Regimental sergeant major/Voices Denis Wicks (bass) Coster 2/Clergyman 6/Red Indian BBC Singers The Tigers/Crowds BBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Lionel Friend producer Elaine Padmore
28 May 2010 (Shadow Dance) English Music Festival, Dorchester, Oxon
BBC Concert Orchestra, conductor Gavin Sutherland
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
28 February 1924 [first performance] Winter Gardens, Bournemouth
Bournemouth Municipal Orchestra, conductor Sir Dan Godfrey
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
4 May 1924 Winter Gardens, Bournemouth (Bournemouth Music Festival)
Bournemouth Municipal Orchestra, conductor Sir Dan Godfrey
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
2 December 1927 BBC New Music Rehearsal
Conductor John Ansell
Wild horsemen [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 2] [symphonic dance ] [orch] – 9´
1 March 1934 [first performance] BBC Thames Wharf Studio
live broadcast BBC
BBC Orchestra, conductor Granville Bantock
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
1 March 1934 [first performance] BBC Thames Wharf Studio
BBC
BBC Orchestra, conductor Granville Bantock
Wild horsemen [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 2] [symphonic dance ] [orch] – 9´
13 February 1944 BBC wartime studio, Bedford
live broadcast BBC
BBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Sir Adrian Boult
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
13 February 1944 live BBC broadcast (BBC wartime studio, Bedford)
BBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Sir Adrian Boult
Shadow dance [from The Tigers Prelude to Act III, Scene 3] [orch] – 5´
29 January 1976 [first performance]
Kensington Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leslie Head
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [piano] arr Ronald Stevenson
5 December 1976 Victoria Theatre, Stoke on Trent
Ronald Stevenson
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [piano] arr Ronald Stevenson
29 April 1977 Mitchell Hall, Aberdeen University
Ronald Stevenson
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [piano] arr Ronald Stevenson
14 October 1977 Mitchell Hall, Aberdeen University
Iain Maxwell
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
30 November 1977 Aberdeen
Lacryma [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 2] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
30 November 1977 Aberdeen
Green pastures [from The Tigers Act II, Scene 4] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
1981 [first performance] Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Lacryma [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 2] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
1981 [first performance] Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Gargoyles [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 1] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Lacryma [from The Tigers Act III, ballet 2] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Shadow dance [from The Tigers Prelude to Act III, Scene 3] [orch] – 5´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Wild horsemen [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 2] [symphonic dance ] [orch] – 9´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Green pastures [from The Tigers Act II, Scene 4] [symphonic dance] [orch] – 10´
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
25/26 June 2009 City Halls, Glasgow
BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, conductor Garry Walker

Recordings

Testament SBT3 1496 (3 discs) released December 2014
3-8 January 1983
Teresa Cahill (soprano) Mrs Freebody/Lady 1 Alison Hargan (soprano) Columbine/Female in car/Lady Stout Marilyn Hill-Smith (soprano) Lady 2/Toy seller Ameral Gunson (mezzo soprano) Lady 3 Ann Marie Owens (alto) Costerwoman/Sweetmeat seller Paul Crook (tenor) Artist/Bishop/Clergyman 2/Cook 2 Harry Nicoll (tenor) Constable 1/Pantalon John Winfield (tenor) Coster/Clergyman 1/Cook 1/Old clothes seller Kenneth Wollam (tenor) Man on elephant/Man in tweeds Ian Caddy (baritone) Coster 1/Gentleman 1/Policeman 1 Malcolm Donnelly (baritone) Colonel Sir John Stout Henry Herford (baritone) Gentleman 2 Alan Opie (baritone) Clergyman 5/Napoleon/Young man Alan Watt (baritone) Coster 3/Clergyman 3/Fruitseller/Policeman 2 Norman Welsby (baritone) Billposterer/Clergyman 4/Elephant keeper/Man’s voice/Police sergeant Richard Angas (bass-baritone) Alexander the Great/Crier/Constable 2/Guard/Policeman 3 Eric Shilling (bass-baritone) Officer/Regimental sergeant major/Voices Denis Wicks (bass) Coster 2/Clergyman 6/Red Indian BBC Singers The Tigers/Crowds BBC Symphony Orchestra, conductor Lionel Friend producer Elaine Padmore
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
Forlane UCD 16724/25 (2 discs) released June 1994
Heritage Records HTGCD 270 released May 2014
July, September 1981 Concert Hall, Villa Louvigny, Luxembourg
Luxembourg Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor Leopold Hager
Symphonic variations »on Has anybody here seen Kelly?« [from The Tigers Prologue, Scene 1] [orch] – 12´
Toccata Classics TOCC 0113 released December 2011
25/26 June 2009 City Halls, Glasgow
BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, conductor Garry Walker